Plurinational State of Bolivia: Revolution and Indigenous Resistance

Supporters of Bolivian ex-president Evo Morales (not pictured) attend an event to mark the 14th anniversary of Plurinational State Foundation Day, in Buenos Aires, Argentina January 22, 2020.

The Day of the Plurinational State of Bolivia is celebrated on Jan. 22. Eleven years have passed since 2009, when the country’s so-called “re-foundation” was carried out, led by the first Indigenous president, Evo Morales. That day marked the beginning of a new political, social and economic horizon for the Andean nation.

The process of transition to a new state was approved in a constitutional referendum on Jan. 25, 2009, with 61.43 percent of the votes and a historical turnout of 90.26 percent, and was promulgated on Feb. 7 of the same year.

However, in 2010, Morales officially declares Jan. 22 as the official day of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

This day, the South American country celebrates the approval of a New Political Constitution in which the state leaves behind its traditional model of Republic, and the legacy of Spanish colonization, to give way to the Plurinational State that is ruled by the principles of unity, community, and respect for the plurinational law, according to the new document.

A “free, independent, sovereign, democratic, intercultural, decentralized and autonomous” State that harbors new political figures in the structures of power as well as in the leadership of the State: the Indigenous and Campesino peoples….


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